If you're researching screens or displays, especially smartphone and HDTV displays, you'll often hear about screens with the "AMOLED" feature being a selling point. But what exactly does this screen or display mean ?.
What is the difference?
Let's discuss them one by one. First, here are the basics of each type of display or display of this screen.
LCD, or Liquid Crystal Display, is a basic display type that takes and replaces the old CRT (tube TV / monitor) standard. There are many variations of LCD panels, including LED-backlit panels (often called LED panels, this design makes everyone confused), IPS panel, and so on. This is one of the more widely used display standards, here we will also discuss where and what devices are using this LCD.
OLED, or Organic Light-Emitting Diode, is a display technology that utilizes organic compounds and pixel-specific lighting. These properties combine to enable livelier colors and darker colors that are much darker in the image, therefore OLED pixels are much more accurate than those produced on LED-backlit LCD screens.
AMOLED, or Active Matrix OLED, this is actually an OLED display, it's just that there are some additional facilities. This additional facility includes low power consumption and more screen flexibility.
Advantages and disadvantages
Now let's discuss the advantages and disadvantages for each type of display or display this screen.
Pros: Cheaper, More Versatile - Implementation enables IPS and 144hz to monitor its presence in PC space, giving PC users more choice, Lowest power consumption
Disadvantages: None per pixel backlighting = worse color reproduction and black on the image
Pros: Nice color reproduction thanks to per pixel backlighting, Not as expensive as AMOLED
Disadvantages: Higher power consumption than AMOLED or LCD, More expensive than LCD
Pros: All good color reproduction of OLED, Power consumption is better than OLED, Flexible displays are more common
Disadvantages: More expensive than LCD or OLED
Best Usage Scenarios for Each
Now, let's discuss where this type of display screen is best used.
LCDs are best used on low-end TVs, common screens and PC monitors due to the ability to apply TN and IPS panels. The TN panel allows higher refreshment and lower response times, while the IPS panel allows for richer color reproduction and a higher viewing angle. The standard range of LCD makes it ideal for PC gaming.
OLED is best used in TV screen technology or often called HDTV, where the flexibility of the screen is not too important and the image quality is king. While AMOLED will be better if available (because only OLED is enhanced), it will likely be much more expensive in the same settings.
AMOLED is best used in smartphones, tablets, watches, laptops - which are essentially portable in that you want high quality display and power efficiency and some display flexibility. AMOLED is the de facto standard for a good portable display and will likely remain so for the future.